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  • Writer's pictureBrittany Martin

Fostering Inclusion: The Empowering Impact of "Push-In" Services for Neurodivergent Students

What is Inclusion?

Inclusive education is a transformative approach that embraces the diversity of learners and seeks to provide equal opportunities for all students, including those with disabilities. One effective practice within inclusive education is the utilization of push-in services, where specialized support professionals collaborate with general education teachers to assist students with disabilities within the regular classroom setting.

There is compelling research that supports the effectiveness of push-in services and highlights their positive impact on the academic, social, and emotional development of students with disabilities.

Enhancing Academic Achievement:

Research demonstrates that push-in services have a significant impact on the academic performance of students with disabilities. According to Scruggs and Mastropieri (1996), teacher collaboration, including push-in services, facilitates the inclusion of students with learning disabilities in the general education classroom. This collaborative approach allows teachers to tailor instruction to individual needs, ensuring that students with disabilities have access to grade-level content. The book "Contemporary Special Education Research" by Gersten, Schiller, and Vaughn (2000) further affirms the positive influence of push-in services, emphasizing that targeted support and individualized instruction contribute to improved academic outcomes for students with disabilities.

Promoting Social Skills and Peer Relationships:

Push-in services create an inclusive environment fostering meaningful peer interactions and development of social skills. A study by Roach and Elliott (2004) found that students with disabilities who received push-in support experienced enhanced social integration within the general education classroom. By participating in group activities and classroom discussions, students with disabilities build essential social skills and form authentic connections with their peers. This integration and acceptance contribute to a more inclusive and compassionate classroom culture (Ryan et al., 2007).

Reducing Stigma and Enhancing Self-Esteem:

One of the profound impacts of push-in services is the reduction of stigma associated with students with disabilities. When support professionals work collaboratively with general education teachers, the inclusive approach sends a powerful message that disability is a natural part of diversity, and every student deserves respect and support. A study by Maheady, Mallette, and Harper (2006) underscores that inclusive practices, including push-in services, create an environment where students with disabilities feel valued and included. This positive environment enhances their self-esteem and self-efficacy, contributing to their overall well-being and academic motivation.

Individualized Instruction and Support:

Push-in services provide students with disabilities with personalized support and interventions within the general education classroom. This individualized approach allows teachers to address specific learning needs and modify instructional strategies accordingly. According to de Boer, Pijl, and Minnaert (2011), regular primary schoolteachers' attitudes toward inclusive education are positively influenced by the availability of push-in services. By collaborating with support professionals, teachers feel more confident in their ability to effectively meet all students' diverse needs.

Improved Teacher Collaboration and Leadership:

Implementing push-in services requires close collaboration between general education teachers and support professionals. Gable, Tonelson, and Sheth (2015) highlight that this collaborative process not only benefits students with disabilities but also fosters a culture of teamwork and professional growth among educators. When teachers work together, they can pool their expertise, share best practices, and effectively support all students in the classroom.

Are push-in services appropriate for my child? How do I determine what’s a “good fit”?

When considering whether to push for services for a student with disabilities, parents should take into account various factors to ensure their child's needs are met effectively. Here are five important considerations:

  1. Individual Needs and Goals: Understand your child's unique strengths, challenges, and learning style. Define clear academic, social, and emotional goals for your child. Determine whether additional services can help address specific needs and contribute to achieving these goals. A personalized approach is essential, as every student's requirements are different.

  2. Educational Assessment and Documentation: Work with educators and specialists to conduct thorough assessments of your child's abilities and challenges. Gather relevant documentation, such as Individualized Education Plans (IEPs) or 504 plans, that outline your child's accommodations and services. Use these assessments as a basis for determining whether additional support or modifications are necessary.

  3. Professional Recommendations: Consult with teachers, special education professionals, therapists, and other experts who work with your child. Their insights and recommendations can provide valuable guidance on whether to push for specific services. These professionals can offer informed opinions on what interventions or supports are likely to be most effective.

  4. Legal and Regulatory Considerations: Familiarize yourself with the legal rights and protections available to students with disabilities, such as those provided by the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) and Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act. Understand the types of services and accommodations that schools are required to provide and advocate for your child's rights accordingly.

  5. Parental Involvement and Collaboration: Assess the level of collaboration and communication between you, the school, and other relevant stakeholders. Effective collaboration is crucial in ensuring that your child's needs are met comprehensively. Advocate for open lines of communication, regular progress updates, and opportunities to participate in decision-making processes regarding your child's education.

The research overwhelmingly supports the effectiveness of push-in services in promoting inclusive education for students with disabilities in general education settings. These services positively impact academic achievement, social skills development, and self-esteem among students with disabilities. By reducing stigma and embracing diversity, push-in services create a nurturing and empowering environment that benefits all learners in the classroom.

Through individualized instruction and collaborative teaching, push-in services enable teachers to cater to the unique needs of students with disabilities, leading to improved academic outcomes and increased self-confidence. Furthermore, the implementation of push-in services fosters professional development and leadership among educators, reinforcing the commitment to inclusive practices.

We would love to hear from you! If you have questions regarding your child's IEP and the provision of services, contact BMS Pediatric Therapy Group at to schedule a free consultation.



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